A phrase is indicated with quotation marks ("") so that words that are surrounded by quotation marks are searched as a single string. For example, "welfare reform" will be searched as a two word phrase.
Two Boolean operators that are important in finding information are AND and OR. The AND is used to connect two different concepts and the OR is used between concepts that are synonymous. It is critical to put parentheses around a search expression that contains an OR. Here is an example:
"welfare reform*" AND (child* OR adoles* OR youth*)
The first part of this statement will find material about welfare reforms. The second part will look for the words "child or children or children's" or "adolescents" or adolescence or "youths". The AND then links the first set with the second. This should be an effective way to look for welfare reform issues related to children or youth.
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