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PAIS International

Library Guide Series


PAIS International (Public Affairs Information Service) provides citations and abstracts about public policy and social issues on a global scale. The Public Affairs Infomation Service International provides bibliographic access to articles, books, hearings, reports, government publications, web resources, and other publications from 120 countries. PAIS includes English language abstracts and subject headings for materials in English, French, German, Italian, Portugese, and Spanish. Updated monthly and covering public affairs information since 1972, PAIS International contains more than 480,000 records, each with complete bibliographic information, and a brief abstract.

PAIS International is available to current UT Arlington Faculty, and UT Arlington Students on the web at this addresses:



A truncation symbol in PAIS International to add plurals is a plus sign (+), and when this symbol is put at the end of a root word, the database will be searched for both the singular and the plural form of that word. For example, the command "girl+" will have the computer search engine look for both "girl" or "girls."

A phrase is indicated with quotation marks ("") so that words that are surrounded by quotation marks are searched as a single string. For example, "social work" will be searched as a two word phrase.

Two Boolean operators that are important in finding information are AND and OR. The AND is used to connect two different concepts and the OR is used between concepts that are synonymous. It is critical to put parentheses around a search expression that contains an OR. Here is an example:

(women+ or woman+ or girl+ or famale+) AND (contraception or "birth control")

The first part of this statement will find material about females. The second part will look for the words "abortion" or "birth control". The AND then links the first set with the second. This should be an effective way to look for contraceptive issues facing women.

John Dillard, Social Work and Social Sciences Librarian dillard@uta.edu

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